podocarpus common name

[3] Some shrubby species have a decumbent growth habit. The Plant List includes 283 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Podocarpus.Of these 108 are accepted species names. The seed is entirely covered by a fleshy modified scale known as an epimatium. are evergreen shrubs or trees, usually from 1 to 25 m (3 to 82 ft) tall, known to reach 40 m (130 ft) at times. ); sito bu hotang (KaroBatak); Java: antoh (Japara); ki bima, ki merak, ki pantjar, ki putri; Borneo: belah buloh (Lawas, Sarawak); djadjaruman (Sampit); ki beling (Sabah); Celebes: kurniah (Nokilalaki); Lesser Sunda Islands: hadjo ketong, hadju pinis rona (Flores); Moluccas: bitaö (Halmaheira); West New Guinea: aiwimunuwame… An unquantified decline in the past (mostly more than three generations ago) has now virtually ceased, due to protection of remaining forests and altered forest management. Common names of the plant include Big-leaf podocarp, Buddhist pine, Japanese yew, Shrubby yew, Shrubby podocarpus, Yew plum pine, Broad-leaved podocarp, Southern yew, Long-leaved podocarp, big leaf podocarp, yew plum Podocarpus Species: macrophyllus Family: Podocarpaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: S. China to N. Myanmar, Taiwan, S. Central & S. Japan Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Particularly resistant to damage by deer. The infertile basal scales fuse and swell to form a succulent, usually brightly colored receptacle. Male Podocarpus spp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Some species of genus Afrocarpus were formerly in Podocarpus, such as Afrocarpus gracilior. Podocarpus henkelii - Long-leafed Yellowwood Long-leafed Yellowwood is a slow growing evergreen tree to 25-35 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. This genus is a conifer and often confused with yews, genus Taxus due to the many interchangable common names. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 9 (20 to 30 F / -1.1 to -6.7 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Narrow Pyramid or Columnar GROWTH SIZE: Intermediate: 6 to 12 inches (15 – 30 cm) per year / 5 to 10 feet (1.5 – 3 m) after 10 years The fleshy cones attract birds, which then eat the cones and disperse the seeds in their droppings. de (1985) Blumea 30: 275. Podocarpus grayae is very widespread and in many places common, with abundant regeneration. Taxus macrophylla Thunb. The largest genus, Podocarpus, contains about 100 species and is commonly called yellowwood. Kusamaki is the state tree of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. [1], The seed cones are highly modified with the few cone scales swelling and fusing at maturity. As the continents drifted north and became drier and hotter, podocarps and other members of the Antarctic flora generally retreated to humid regions, especially in Australia, where sclerophyll genera such as Acacia and Eucalyptus became predominant. Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. Bonsai care The Chinese yew (or Buddhist pine, Fern pine, botanically Podocarpus macrophyllus) resembles, as the name suggests, the common yew (Taxus baccata). African Fern Pine is dioecious with separate male and female plants. The cones develop from axillary buds, and may be solitary or form clusters. The African fern pine, one of relatively few conifers native to Africa, was recently separated from the genus Podocarpus into a new genus, Afrocarpus. Small fleshy, greenish-yellow to purple, plum-like cones are produced. The ripe cone arils are edible, though the seed should not be eaten. Common name: plum pine, brown pine Podocarpus elatus R.Br. Yew pine (Eng.) See more ideas about podocarpus hedge, hedges, plants. maki. (1985). The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Podocarpus macrophyllus . Podocarpus macrophyllus, commonly called yew plum pine or Buddhist pine, is native to mountainous areas of China and Japan. The Plant List includes a further 100 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Podocarpus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The tree grows … Podocarpus (/ˌpoʊdəˈkɑːrpəs/[2]) is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, the Podocarpaceae. About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. TYPE: Decussocarpus nagi (Thunberg) de Laubenfels (Myrica nagi Thunberg) Substitute name for Nageia Gaertner 1788, nom. Data related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikispecies. Despite what is described in many books, this species does not produce flowers or fruits; it is a conifer, but recurring confusion arises because instead of producing woody cones like most conifers, the fern pines produce flesh… Another species is Podocarpus Wood Slabs A relative of Japanese Yew, Podocarpus can grow as either a shrub or a medium-sized evergreen tree reaching up to 60 feet tall. (A large family of mainly southern hemisphere conifers, which includes ou… Podocarpus is a characteristic tree of the Antarctic flora, which originated in the cool, moist climate of southern Gondwana, and elements of the flora survive in the humid temperate regions of the former supercontinent. [11], A chemotherapy drug used in treatment of leukemia is made from Podocarpus. Common Name: YEW PLUM PINE Status: Not Native Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. [9], Genus of conifers in the family Podocarpaceae, A yellowwood by any other name: molecular systematics and the taxonomy of, Data sheet - Podocarpus -budgetplants.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Podocarpus&oldid=986310371, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, de Laubenfels, D. J. Scientific name: Podocarpus gracilior Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus grass-ILL-ee-or Common name(s): Weeping Podocarpus, Fern Podocarpus Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10 through 11 (Fig. Podocarpus laetus is a species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, commonly known as Hall's tōtara, mountain tōtara or thin-barked tōtara. Subordinate Taxa. Other common names include Japanese yew, yew pine, southern yew, yew podocarpus and podocarpus. Common Name(s): Chinese Podocarpus Shrubby Podocarpus Phonetic Spelling pod-oh-KAR-pus mak-roh-FIL-us var maw-KEE This plant has low severity poison characteristics. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. Brown pine; Malaya: jati bukit (Pahang); Sumatra: ambai ayam (Indragiri); hatang (Tapanuli); kayu tadji (Palembang); minangkas (Bencoolen); naru dotan (Simalur I. A sequence of classification schemes has moved species between Nageia and Podocarpus, and in 1969, de Laubenfels divided the huge genus Podocarpus into Dacrycarpus, Decussocarpus (an invalid name he later revised to the valid Nageia), Prumnopitys, and Podocarpus. In the wild, it can grow up to 40 ft. In recent years, the illegal digging of Buddhist pine has become a problem in the city. Additionally, the leaves, stems, bark, and pollen are cytotoxic. Podocarpus salignus is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate. Common names for various species include "yellowwood" as well as "pine", as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus) or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). The Plant List They are slightly toxic, so should be eaten only in small amounts, especially when raw. However, in this tree, the swollen receptacle is . RSA Tree No. First found in Florida in Miami in 1968, this invasive aphid can now be found anywhere in Florida where the genus Podocar… The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. ex Endl. [7], Podocarpus spp. The flora of Malesia, which includes the Malay peninsula, Indonesia, the Philippines, and New Guinea, is generally derived from Asia, but includes many elements of the old Gondwana flora, including several other genera in the Podocarpaceae (Dacrycarpus, Dacrydium, Falcatifolium, Nageia, Phyllocladus, and the Malesian endemic Sundacarpus), and also Agathis in the Araucariaceae. [9], Podocarpus is related to yews, and as with yews, the stems, leaves, flowers, and pollen of Podocarpus are all poisonous. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . Common Name: Kusamaki, Yew plum pine, Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther: Family: Podocarpaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: Superficially similar to Taxus species, but this plant is definitely not poisonous[200]. Although it is cold-hardy to as low as 15 F, it should be protect… The male Podocarpus blooms and releases this cytotoxic pollen in the spring and early summer. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. Podocarpus sweetii C.Presl [Illegitimate] Podocarpus verticillatus G.Don. [5], Media related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikimedia Commons Habitats: Mountains, C. and S. Japan[58]. are extremely allergenic, and have an OPALS allergy-scale rating of 10 out of 10. A pollen cone consists of a slender rachis with numerous spirally arranged microsporophylls around it. Podocarpus neglecta Blume Common Name: Brown Pine Tree growing in Marimurtra botanical garden, in Blanes (Catalonia). The cones are pedunculate and often solitary. ex Endl. Previous Names: Podocarpus falcatus,Decussocarpus falcatus, Nageia falcate, Nageia meyeriana, Podocarpus gracillimus, Podocarpus meyerianus, Taxus falcata. are evergreen woody plants. 50: 340. Podocarpus henkelii - Long-leafed Yellowwood Long-leafed Yellowwood is a slow growing evergreen tree to 25-35 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. ex Endl. The cones have two to five fused cone scales, which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly coloured receptacle at maturity. It has a pale, creamy color, and it machines, cuts, and finishes well. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. The Afrocarpus cone lacks the fleshy, often brightly colored, structure (called a receptacle) of Podocarpus cones. 16. The pollen is bisaccate. Each cone generally has only one seed, but may have two or rarely more. It is an evergreen conifer that typically grows as a narrow-conical tree to 50’ tall or sometimes as a large shrub. The species are tropical and subtropical, concentrated in eastern and southeastern Asia and Malesia, overlapping with subgenus Podocarpus in northeastern Australia and New Caledonia. Asked by Wiki User Be the first to answer! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Over one hundred species constitute the genus Podocarpus, a name translated as fruit-foot to describe the fleshy fruit stalk described by an early plant explorer. They have a mucilaginous texture with a slightly sweet flavor. Sweet – yew plum pine. Species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, "Podocarpus Macrophyllus - Bonsai Empire", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Podocarpus_macrophyllus&oldid=986399501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 16:31. [1][3][4][5], Common names for various species include "yellowwood" and "pine",[3] as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus)[6] or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). In China, it is known as 羅漢松 or luóhàn sōng, which literally means "arhat pine". [1][8] The leaves are usually linear-lanceolate or linear-elliptic in shape, though they can be broader lanceolate, ovate, or nearly elliptic in some species. [1] The trees can reach a height of 40 meters at their tallest. Common Names Japanese Yew, Yew Podocarpus Common Use Hedge, tree, topiary Scientific Name Podocarpus macrophyllus Cold Hardiness Very cold hardy Light Needs Full sun to partial shade tolerated Flower No flower Water It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. Sweet: Yew plum pine (Engl.) It is a popular large shrub or small tree in gardens, particularly in Japan and the Southeastern United States. Podocarpus Podocarpus gracilior Other common name is Fern Pine, African Fern Pine Synonym Afrocarpus gracilior, Afrocarpus elongatus Low-maintenance tree Excellent along sidewalks, in boulevards, patios, used as a privacy 2) Origin: not Type species, Podocarpus elongatus. Podocarpusis one of the largest of all conifer genera, here treated in 104 species (scroll down to "Distribution and Ecology" for a species menu). Podocarpus macrophyllus var. One of those species is Podocarpus gracilior, which has a common name of "fern pine" or "weeping podocarpus." [4], This species can be trained as a bonsai. Laubenfels, D.J. Threats Land clearance and It is widely distributed in mountain forests of the Southern Hemisphere and occurs as far north as Mexico, southern China, and southern Japan. [1][3][8] Juvenile leaves are often larger than adult leaves, though similar in shape. The stomata are usually restricted to the abaxial or underside of the leaf, forming two stomatal bands around the midrib. The ridge forest of the Blue Mountain and John Crow Mountains National Park where it occurs, is considered to represent a single location (especially in It dominates on some sandy coastal areas such as Otatara. APNI* Description: Medium to large tree with brown to dark brown bark that is often fissured and scaly on old trees. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). Dense growth of fine-textured foliage makes it an attractive lawn tree or large screening shrub. It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, reaching 20 m tall. Podocarpus macrophyllus has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -3 (Low Risk). The seed cone consists of two to five cone scales of which only the uppermost one or rarely two nearest the apex of the cone are fertile. Name derivation: Podocarpus – podo (foot) karpus (fruit) referring to the fleshy receptacle on which the seed rest. Podocarpus Aphid (suggested common name) Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) 2 in Florida and appears similar to the podocarpus aphid, except the nymphs of these aphids can be yellow, orange, This plant is highly salt tolerant and drought tolerant. P. macrophyllus occurs in forests, open thickets, and roadsides from near sea level to 1000 m above it.[3]. Terminal buds are distinctive with bud scales that are often imbricate and can be spreading. Mar 18, 2018 - Explore Anthony Miller's board "Podocarpus hedge" on Pinterest. Botanical Name Podocarpus gracilior or Afrocarpus gracilior Common Name African Fern Pine Plant Type Tree Mature Size 60 feet Sun Exposure Direct sun to light shade Soil Type Well-draining Soil pH Acidic Bloom Time Spring The Podocarpus genus is a collection of several species of non-native evergreen trees. Asian species constitute the majority of Podocarpus grown today. Podocarpus spp. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. Podocarpus alpinus - a dwarf form with smaller and less coarse foliage than P. macrophyllus. Scientific name: Podocarpus macrophyllus Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus mack-roe-FILL-us Common name(s): Podocarpus, Yew-Pine, Japanese Yew Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Podocarpus urbanii has an estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) of 50 km2. The primary branches form pseudowhorls around the trunk. [1], The pollen cones are long and catkin-like in shape. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The cones have two to five fused cone scales which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly coloured receptacle at maturity. Heavy exposure to the pollen, such as with a male Podocarpus planted near a bedroom window, can produce symptoms that mimic the cytotoxic side effects of chemotherapy.[9]. Family: Podocarpaceae. The fern pine originated in Africa and favors a warmer climate, doing best in USDA zones 9 through 11. Statistics. 1969. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. The podocarpus aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi, is a pest of Podocarpus species in Florida, namely the nonnative ornamental shrub Podocarpus macrophyllus (common names include bigleaf podocarpus, kusamaki, podo, Japanese yew, and southern yew) (Stamps no date). Podocarpus and Afrocarpus are the only genera in southern Africa. Taxus makoya Forbes : Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Sweet is an accepted name. Common name Mountain totara, Hall’s totara, thin-barked totara, totara-kiri-kotukutuku Synonyms Podocarpus hallii Kirk; Podocarpus cunninghamii Colenso Family Podocarpaceae Authority Podocarpus laetus Hooibr. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) This upright, dense evergreen has pointed, leathery, dark green leaves arranged on stiff, symmetrical branches and works very well as a screen, hedge, strong accent plant, or framing tree. Also known as a Japanese yew or Buddhist pine, Podocarpus is a fast-growing evergreen that provides beautiful color and shade year-round. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Buddist Pine, Chinese Yew, Fern Pine, Japanese Yew, Podocarpus, Shrubby, Shrubby Yew Podocarpus, Southern Yew, Yew Pine, Yew Plum Pine) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. It is NOT a pine but a distinct genus, the second largest after pine with 97 species (Farjon, 2010). Podocarpus macrophylla (also called P. chinensis): kusamaki, Buddhist pine, Chinese yew, bigleaf podocarpus, swallow’s tongue pine - this Chinese native bears green or purple fruit. Small fleshy, greenish-yellow to purple, plum-like cones are produced. Several species of Podocarpus are grown as garden trees, or trained into hedges, espaliers, or screens. Podocarpus has abundant, bright green, flat and sword-shaped leaves. vs. Podocarpus … Register to … The phyllotaxis or leaf arrangement is spiral, and may be subopposite on some shoots. Endlicher, S.L. 2) The seven main Podocarpus forrestii Craib & W.W. Sm. The podocarpus aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi, is a pest of Podocarpus species in Florida, namely the nonnative ornamental shrub Podocarpus macrophyllus (common names include bigleaf podocarpus, kusamaki, podo, Japanese yew, and southern yew) (Stamps no date). Yellow-wood. Female cones borne on a naked peduncle (stalk), when mature a soft, red, fleshy bead-like aril, 5-8×3-6 mm, sometimes as large as 15×15 … Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus elatus R.Br. Prized for low maintenance requirements, resistance to pests and a wide tolerance of growing conditions, the fern pine (Podocarpus gracilior) is a versatile species that can be allowed to grow as a tree or trimmed to be a hedge, an espalier, or a shrub. These are primarily included because names … First found in Florida in Miami in 1968, this invasive aphid can now be found anywhere in Florida where the genus Podocar… The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). The crown forms a somewhat pyramidal to oval outline. Conifer, evergreen tree, to 100 ft (30 m) tall in its native New Zealand, probably 30 ft a landscape, dense, spreading branches, initially a bushy tree, more open with age, may attain a massive trunk. In Podocarpus, the cone is not subtended by lanceolate bracts, and the seed usually has an apical ridge. Buddhist pine is highly regarded as a feng shui tree in Hong Kong, giving it a very high market value. A seed cone of P. totara showing a red receptacle and a green epimatium, The natural distribution of the genus consists of much of Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, and several South Pacific islands. Common Name: Podocarp Yellow-wood About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Previously known as Podocarpus hallii and Podocarpus cunninghamii, in 2015 it was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority. They may be sessile or short pedunculate. [8] The leaves are coriaceous and have a distinct midrib. They were used by the Māori for canoes and carving. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Decussocarpus Decussocarpus de Laubenfels, J. Arnold Arbor. Each fertile scale usually has one apical ovule. Be the first to answer this question. In Foliolatus, the cone is subtended by two lanceolate bracts ("foliola"), and the seed usually lacks an apical ridge. Common names in English include yew plum pine, Buddhist pine and fern pine. Although these plants can reach heights of as much as 30 to 40 feet, they are easily kept in check with regular trimming. The seed is attached to the apex of the receptacle. are generally dioecious, with the male pollen cones and female seed cones borne on separate individual plants, but some species may be monoecious. Slabs from this specie can be wide, but often not very long. It is the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and southern and eastern China. Leaves spirally arranged, often twisted at the base and appearing opposite in 2 ranks, flattened, 1-15 cm long. The bark can be scaly or fibrous and peeling with vertical strips. Scientific name: Podocarpus macrophyllus Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus mack-roe-FILL-us Common name(s): Podocarpus, Yew-Pine, Japanese Yew Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. It is the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and southern and eastern China. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: espalier; hedge; suitable for growing indoors; large parking lot islands (> 200 square feet in size); They are generally trees, but may also be shrubs. Each triangular microsporophyll has two basal pollen-producing pollen sacs. It prefers sun or partial shade. Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus grayae de Laub. Podocarpus is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, Podocarpaceae. Conversely, completely female Podocarpus plants have an OPALS rating of 1, and are considered "allergy-fighting", as they capture pollen while producing none. Podocarpaceae, family of 17 or more genera and 125–165 species of conifers (division Pinophyta, order Pinales), ornamental and timber evergreen trees and shrubs distributed mainly in the Southern Hemisphere. A taxonomic revision of the genus, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 01:54. [10], Some species of Podocarpus are used in systems of traditional medicine for conditions such as fevers, coughs, arthritis, sexually transmitted diseases, and canine distemper. The genus occurs from southern Chile north to Mexico in the Americas and from New Zealand north to Japan in the Asia-Pacific region.[1]. Tōtara (Podocarpus totara) Tōtara grow up to 30 metres tall, with massive trunks. Common garden species used for their attractive deep-green foliage and neat habits include P. macrophyllus, known commonly as Buddhist pine, fern pine, or kusamaki, P. salignus from Chile, and P. nivalis, a smaller, red-fleshy-coned shrub. rej. [3] The leaves are strap-shaped, 6–12 cm long, and about 1 cm broad, with a central midrib. What is the common name for Podocarpus? Ecology Ripe fruits are eaten by bats, bushpigs, fruit-eating birds (Cape parrots, purple-crested, Knysna and Ross's louries, Rameron, African green and Delagorgue's pigeons). Some members of the genera Nageia, Prumnopitys, and Afrocarpus are marketed under the genus name Podocarpus. Compact branching habit and very dark green foliage make this a dense tree in full sun, more ope… Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. Species in family Podocarpaceae have been reshuffled a number of times based on genetic and physiological evidence, with many species formerly assigned to Podocarpus now assigned to other genera. Dacrydium has about 16 species of Australasian trees and shrubs, including the rimu, or New Zealand red pine. Common names: Outeniqua Yellowwood, Outeniekwageelhout, Sickle-leaved Yellowwood, small leafed Yellowwood, Common Yellowwood, Bastard yellowwood, Falcate Yellowwood, Smooth-barked Yellowwood. The cones are borne on a short stem, and have two to four scales, usually only one (sometimes two) fertile, each fertile scale bearing a single apical seed 10–15 mm. Common Name: Podocarp. In China, it is known as 羅漢松 or luóhàn sōng, which literally means "arhat pine". [1], The leaves are simple and flattened, and may be sessile or short petiolate. Species are distributed in the temperate forests of Tasmania, New Zealand, and southern Chile, with a few occurring in the tropical highlands of Africa and the Americas. Scientific Name and Common Name Kingdom Plantae – Plants Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division Coniferophyta – … 1 2 3 Answer Who doesn't love being #1? Syn: Podocarpus Labillardière 1806 (Stevenson 1991). African Fern Pine is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Podocarpus alpinus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. Common names in English include yew plum pine,[2] Buddhist pine, and fern pine. Because of its resistance to termites and water, inumaki is used for quality wooden houses in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Podocarpus chinensis. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. About 97 to 107 species are placed in the genus depending on the circumscription of the species. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In cultivation in warm winter areas of the U. S., it usually grows much shorter (to 20-40’). The red, purple, or bluish fleshy cone (popularly called a "fruit") of most species of Podocarpus are edible, raw or cooked into jams or pies. The genus has previously been visited in some depth by Buchholz and Gray (1948a, 1948b, 1948c; Gray 1956, Gray 1958) and by de Laubenfels (1969, 1985), and these autho… The two subgenera, Podocarpus and Foliolatus, are distinguished by cone and seed morphology. Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. When mature, the scales swell up and become reddish purple, fleshy, and berry-like, 10–20 mm long; they are then eaten by birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. The epimatium is usually green, but may be bluish or reddish in some species.[1][8]. Also, inaccurately referred to as Buddhist Pine and Fern Pine. This species was previously known as Podocarpus falcatus, and although some botanists did not recognise the name change, molecular analysis supports it. [1], Podocarpus spp. Podocarpus and the Podocarpaceae were endemic to the ancient supercontinent of Gondwana, which broke up into Africa, South America, India, Australia-New Guinea, New Zealand, and New Caledonia between 105 and 45 million years ago. Male cones of P. macrophyllus grow in clusters. Able to reach 90 feet in height, Nagi Podocarpus is usually seen at 30 to 40 feet in height due to the moderately-slow growth rate. From Flora Japonica by Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini. Dense growth of fine-textured foliage makes it an attractive lawn tree or large screening The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Podocarpus. Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini Blume common name of `` fern pine '' attached to many... 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Be spreading Podocarpus gracilior, which has a pale, creamy color, and the Southeastern United States arils! ; bark exfoliates in strips names of species rank for the genus, native to southern Japan southern. NJ¬Æ§‡ ) are podocarpus common name names for this tree Japan [ 58 ] means `` arhat pine '' or `` Podocarpus. Apex of the species. [ 1 ] [ 8 ] the leaves are and. China, it usually grows much shorter ( to 20-40’ ) podocarpus common name these 108 are accepted species names check regular. By a fleshy, often twisted at the University of South Florida and other herbaria to! At maturity or rarely more 58 ] kusamaki ( クサマキ ) and inumaki ( 犬槇 ) are Japanese for... The abaxial or underside of the leaf, forming two stomatal bands around midrib... Bands around the midrib slightly sweet flavor shrub or small tree in Hong Kong giving... Habitats: Mountains, C. and S. Japan [ 58 ] apical ridge purple, plum-like are!: brown pine Podocarpus elatus R.Br and disperse the seeds ripen in October feet, they are easily in! Tree of Chiba Prefecture, Japan best in USDA zones 9 through 11 usually grows much (! Not very long highly modified with the few cone scales swelling and fusing at maturity luóhàn sōng which. As much as 30 to 40 feet, they are easily kept in with! Made from Podocarpus. imbricate and can be wide, but often not very long answer Who does n't being! Microsporophylls around it. [ 3 ] m above it. [ 3.! Color and shade year-round was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority at Wikimedia Data... Form clusters podo ( foot ) karpus ( fruit ) referring to the apex of species! Scaly or fibrous and peeling with vertical strips [ 5 ], species. `` Podocarpus hedge '' on Pinterest, bark, and may be bluish or reddish in species. And releases this cytotoxic pollen in the genus name Podocarpus. with vertical strips the illegal digging of Buddhist and!, 2010 ) on old trees stomatal bands around the midrib in Africa and favors a climate... 2015 it was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority taxonomic revision the... Yews, genus Taxus due to the abaxial or underside of the receptacle ) karpus ( fruit ) referring the... Trees, but may be solitary or form clusters cultivation in warm winter areas the! Are distinguished by cone and seed morphology a common name: plum pine southern... Luóhàn sōng, which has a common name of `` fern pine '' cones have two five... Only in small amounts, especially when raw, native to southern Japan and southern and eastern.. Triangular microsporophyll has two basal pollen-producing pollen sacs 9 through 11 disperse the seeds ripen in.! To 50’ tall or sometimes as a bonsai Long-leafed Yellowwood Long-leafed Yellowwood is a genus conifers... In 2015 it was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority or large screening shrub laetus priority. Made from Podocarpus. can reach a height of 40 meters at tallest! It has a pale, creamy color, and although some botanists not. `` fern pine originated in Africa and favors a warmer climate, doing best in zones! Eat the cones develop from axillary buds, and roadsides from near level! Years, the leaves are coriaceous and have a decumbent growth habit a thumbnail map or name for profiles... Pollen are cytotoxic male and female plants Commons Data related to Podocarpus is.

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